Old or Upper castle Grodno

The Old Castle (Zamkovaya street 22) was once a residence of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania and the Polish kings. There was originally a wooden fortress built by Prince Vsevolodko Gorodensky and other Old Russian princes on this site dating from at least the 12th century, which marked the beginning of the city. Ruins of the Lower Church, which was built around 1160 in the tradition of the Grodno architectural school, and a part of the Upper Church walls (XIV c.) remained inside the complex.

After a fire the Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas the Great built a stone castle in around 1400. It was repeatedly assaulted by the crusader knights.

The Italian architect Santi Gucci Stefan Batory rebuilt part of the castle as a Renaissance palace in 1579 on the orders o’ king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.

In 1678, after another fire, it was restored by the chancellor of the Grand Duchy o; Lithuania Krzysztof Рас. The castle was burned by Charles XII in 1708.

Today the Grodno State Museum of History and Archaeology are located in the castle. The 17th century entrance bridge to the castle is the oldest bridge in Belarus.

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